What is funding rate and why does it matter?


As a novice to the cryptocurrency world with little or no exposure to crypto investments and funding, you might ask, “What is the funding rate?” Periodic payments to traders that are long or short are based on the difference between perpetual contract markets and spot prices. Since these perpetual contracts never really settle, exchanges need a mechanism to ensure that future prices and index prices converge on a regular basis and this mechanism is called funding rate. Depending on open positions, traders will either pay or receive funding. 

Crypto funding rates ensure that there is no long-term divergence in the price of both markets by making sure it is recalculated numerous times a day. Many future traders don’t understand what is funding rate is and why the fee is so high. Hopefully, this article will shed some light on the ABC’s of the funding rate and trading. Having said that, it is always advisable to get help from an expert, before venturing into unfamiliar territory and running into financial trouble. An AI-driven platform such as coffeemug.ai offers the perfect business landscape backdrop to connect with investors and corporate leaders adept at assisting with trading and funding rate. 

Before proceeding with setting up a startup, it is important to understand what determines the funding rate

Components of funding rate

The funding rate consists of two components namely the interest rate and the premium. Usually, the interest rate is fixed at let’s say 0.03% daily and 0.01% per funding interval with the exception of some contracts where the interest rate is 0%. 

During periods of high volatility, the price between the perpetual contract and the marked price may vary. In such scenarios, the premium may increase or decrease accordingly.  These are funding rate indicators. A large spread ensures a high premium and a low premium is indicative of a narrow spread between the two prices.

At times when the funding rate is positive, the price of the perpetual contract is higher than the marked price. As a result, traders who are long pay for short positions. In contrast, a negative funding rate indicates that perpetual prices are below the marked price which means that short positions pay for longs.

What effect does the funding rate have on traders?

Now that we have explained funding rate meaning, let’s move on to how it impacts traders. Funding calculations consider the amount of leverage used and funding rates may end up having a huge impact on one’s profits and losses. A trader that pays for funding may incur losses with high leverage, and get liquidated even in low volatility markets. It must be kept in mind that funding rates are essentially designed to encourage traders to take positions and ensure perpetual contract prices are in line with spot markets.

What is the subsidy rate? 

This is a form of trading that allows you to purchase an asset with leverage at a known, pre-determined price, usually futures-futures trading which has a maturity of anywhere between one month, six months, or a year after which you will be compelled to liquidate your position irrespective of whether you run into profit or loss.

Funding rate plays a major role in the futures market

Funding rate can have an effect on merchants as well. Because of the existence of financing fees, the price on the futures market will be close to the spot price and this prevents traders’ predictions from being skewered by market differences. The financing fee is not popular with many people but its existence is necessary for the futures market. 

Bear in mind the fact that, when the market is too ‘excited’ or ‘scared’ the pressure to pay funding fees is high and you need to take this into account when creating your position. The existence of funding fees also serves to create some funding fee trading strategies that will help to generate significant profits.

Apart from the above, it is imperative to understand what the funding rate says. The financing rate correlates strongly with the mood of the traders; when the market is bullish, the funding rate is usually positive, and the higher the rate, the more excited the market is. On the downside, if the funding rate is negative, most traders think that the market is going to fall. However, this is just a guide and the crowd is not always right in this regard.

Almost all crypto derivatives use a funding rate mechanism to ensure that the contract price is in line with the index price at all times. The financing rate fluctuates as the price rises or falls and this is dependent on various factors. In addition to this, financing rates vary from exchange to exchange and in some exchanges, this figure is consistently high, while in others it can be considerably lower.  

This is largely due to the difference in transaction volumes between these exchanges allowing investors to easily arbitrage on exchanges that permit easy switching between spot and future markets. As a result, the difference can be quickly eliminated.


Remember, CoffeeMug.ai is an AI-powered networking platform equipped with a highly qualified team of analysts, incubators, accelerators, and mentors with diverse backgrounds. With the help of a vast global network and resources, CoffeeMug.ai has successfully managed to support a number of startups through multiple rounds of funding, adding significant value at each stage. 


Q. What does high funding mean?

A. The financing rate can be used to gauge trader sentiment toward the market. Positive financing rates indicate that traders are willing to pay a premium to keep their long bets open. 

Q. What is a perpetual funding rate?

A. The funding rate is made up of regular payments made between traders. These payments are paid to keep the price of the perpetual futures contract close to the spot market asset price. Depending on the exchange, the financing rate is determined in a variety of ways.

Q. What does it mean when the funding rate is negative?

A. If the funding rate is negative, traders who hold short positions must pay the funding rate to those who hold long positions. 

Q. How do you interpret the funding rate?

A. Positive funding rates indicate that long-term traders have the upper hand and are willing to pay funding to the short-term traders. Many traders are optimistic because funding rates are positive. Negative funding rates suggest that short-term traders have the upper hand and are willing to compensate long-term traders.

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